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Thursday
Mar072013

Florida Common Core Standards Implementation Costs

Florida Department of Education, State Board of Education, and Elected Officials:

 

The following article shows the costs to implement the Common Core Standards (CCS) in Florida.  These costs are taken from a longer report that I completed on 10.15.12 and a comprehensive report prepared by the Pioneer Institute.  I will send my report to you separately.

 

 

 

I realize that Florida is committed to the Common Core Standards.  You adopted the CCS and you have received $906 million in competitive awards. 

 

 

House Bill 377 requires CCS implementation in the 2016-2017 school year.  Florida could use some extra time to fully comprehend the ramifications of adopting CCS; the implementation expense for CCS will be immense!  After careful analysis, Florida might choose to drop the Common Core Standards.

 

 

 

As the following article explains, there is some urgency to the decision.  If Florida delays its decision, it could incur huge up-front, one-time costs of $687 million (67 % of the total cost) to implement CCS. 

 

 

 

Most states entered into the RTTT and CCS without solid estimates on CCS implementation.  As many of the states are moving ahead with CCS implementation, they are finding that the costs are quite high.  Some states are experiencing "buyer's remorse," and are dropping CCS. 

 

 

I would strongly suggest that Florida take a hard look at this issue.  Because Florida gave up very good standards to embrace CCS, the state could revert back to those standards.

 

 

Thank you for educating the students in Florida.

 

 

 

Henry W. Burke

E-mail: hwburke@cox.net     

 

 

_________________________________________________

 

 

 

Florida Common Core Implementation Costs

 

by Henry W. Burke

 

3.06.13

 

 

 

Even though Florida was a big winner in the Race to the Top (RTTT) competition, the state will spend more than it received to implement the Common Core Standards (CCS).

 

 

It will cost Florida $118 million (net amount) to implement the Common Core Standards (CCS).  Where will Florida find $118 million to install the mediocre Common Core Standards?   

 

 

 

I will call your attention to an excellent Pioneer Institute report, "National Cost of Aligning States and Localities to the Common Core Standards," dated February 2012 (PI report) and my report, "States' Taxpayers Cannot Afford Common Core Standards," by Henry W. Burke, dated 10.15.12 (Burke report).  These are the links to the reports:

 

http://www.pioneerinstitute.org/pdf/120222_CCSSICost.pdf

 

http://educationviews.org/states-taxpayers-cannot-afford-common-core-standards/

 

 

 

I also wrote a companion report applicable to the states that did not adopt the Common Core Standards, "Non-Common Core States Will Save Millions of Dollars," by Henry W. Burke, 10.18.12:

 

 

http://educationviews.org/non-common-core-states-will-save-millions-of-dollars/

 

 

 

Florida gave up very good state standards to adopt the inferior Common Core Standards.  According to a 2010 Fordham Institute report that compared the state standards with the Common Core Standards, Florida had "Too Close to Call"  English Language Arts (ELA) standards and Mathematics standards. 

 

 

 

I encourage you to realistically evaluate the costs versus the benefits for the State of Florida.  I will focus only on the cost of implementing the Common Core Standards (CCS) versus the dollar awards received from the federal government. 

 

 

 

I thought I would offer a little insight into the CCS implementation costs.  This explanation includes the Pioneer report figures and my assumptions.  Obviously, I cannot speak for the Pioneer Institute nor its partners in the white paper, Accountability Works and Pacific Research Institute.  These are strictly my thoughts, assumptions and calculations.

 

 

The Pioneer Institute report identified four cost categories for CCS implementation.  The categories are: Testing, Professional Development, Textbooks, and Technology.  Pioneer calculated the total CCS implementation cost over a 7-year time period. 

 

 

The PI report included bar graphs (without dollar figures) for each state in Professional Development, Textbooks, and Technology.  The Appendices to the PI report showed exact dollar figures for each state in only the Textbooks and Technology categories.  This is the link to the Pioneer Institute Appendices:

 

http://www.accountabilityworks.org/photos/Appendices.Common_Core_Cost.AW.pdf

 

 

Consequently, I had to derive figures for Testing and Professional Development for each of the 46 states.  My goal was to duplicate the Pioneer figures as closely as possible.  My nationwide totals for the four categories agree quite closely with the Pioneer Institute report. 

 

 

 

A.  Florida CCS Loss

 

 

The State of Florida submitted proposals to the U.S. Department of Education (USDOE) for Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the Race to the Top (RTTT) program and received a rank of No. 4 in Phase 1 and a rank of No. 4 in Phase 2 of that competition.  The 12 "winning" states under Phase 1 and Phase 2 of RTTT received a total of $3.941 billion.  Florida was a big winner in Phase 2, with an RTTT award of $700.000 million.    

 

 

In subsequent competitions, Florida received $205,838,204 ($205.838 million) for competitive stimulus awards.  This brings Florida's total awards to $905.838 million.

 

 

In the Burke Table 1, CCS Loss Per State, the CCS Total Cost for Florida is $1,024.163 million; and the federal competitive award total is $905.838 million.  The difference is $118.325 million.

[$1,024.163 million - $905.838 million = $118.325 million]

 

 

This means Florida will have to find $118 million to pay for the implementation expense of CCS.

 

 

 

 

B.  Florida CCS Cost

 

 

In the Burke Table 2, CCS Cost Per Student, we can see that Florida has a CCS Cost per Student of $389.  This is slightly higher than the average cost per student of $379 (average cost for the 46 CCS states).

 

 

Table 3, Total CCS Cost, lists the components making up the Total CCS Cost of $1,024.163 million ($1.024 billion) for Florida.  Testing cost is $78.184 million; Professional Development cost is $354.970 million; Textbook cost is $155.810 million; and Technology cost is $435.199 million.

 

 

In round numbers, Florida will spend $78 million on Testing, $355 million on Professional Development, $156 million on Textbooks, and $435 million on Technology.  The Total CCS Cost for Florida will be $1,024 million ($1.024 billion).

 

 

                                               

Explanation of Figures

 

1.  Testing

 

a.  Nationwide CCS Testing Cost

 

Testing is a function of the number of students tested.  Table 5 in my report shows the Total Nationwide Cost for the 46 CCS states.  My Table 5 duplicates Pioneer Figure 2B (on page 2 of the PI report).  Figure 2B shows a Total Testing Cost of $1,240,641,297. 

 

 

Table 6 (Burke report) lists the number of students and teachers in each of the 46 states; the total for the 46 states is 41,805,062 students.  I obtained all of the numbers in Table 6 from the Pioneer report Appendices (NCES: 2009 - 2010 School Year). 

 

 

When I divided $1,240,641,297 by 41,805,062 students, I obtained a factor of $29.67681993 per student.  This Testing cost factor was applied to each of the 46 states to get the Testing cost for each state.  My Total Testing Cost of $1,240.641 million agrees with the Pioneer Figure 2B number.

 

 

b.  Florida CCS Testing Cost

 

Florida has a total student enrollment of 2,634,522 students (Burke Table 6).  When I multiplied 2,634,522 students by the $29.6768 factor per student, I obtained $78.184 million.

[2,634,522 students  x  $29.67681993 per student = $78,184,235]

 

 

 

2.  Professional Development

 

The purpose of Professional Development is to train the teachers on the new Common Core academic standards.  Professional Development is a function of the number of teachers that must be trained.  Pioneer used a Professional Development cost of $1,931 per teacher.

 

 

Florida has 183,827 teachers (Burke Table 6).  When I multiplied 183,827 teachers by $1,931 per teacher, I obtained $354.970 million.

[183,827 teachers  x  $1,931 per teacher = $354,969,937]

 

 

[Incidentally, my calculations produced a Professional Development Cost for California of $605.938 million.  The PI report bar graph showed the number $606 million for California.  This verifies that my calculation assumptions and methodology are correct.]

 

 

 

3.  Textbooks

 

I obtained the Textbook cost for Florida directly from the Pioneer Institute Appendix.  The Table in the Appendix showed a Total Textbook Cost for Florida of $155,809,850 ($155.810 million).

 

 

The PI Appendix listed the following numbers for Textbooks and Instructional Materials:

 

 

 

Florida Textbook Cost

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

Grade

Textbook Cost

($ Millions)

    K

    14.036

    1

    13.194

    2

    10.858

    3

    11.638

    4

    10.034

    5

    10.016

    6

    11.586

  Subtotal -- K - 6

    81.362

 

 

    7

    12.067

    8

    11.986

    9

    13.677

  Subtotal -- 7 - 9

    37.730

 

 

    10

    12.324

    11

    13.096

    12

    11.298

  Subtotal -- 10 - 12

    36.718

 

 

    Total -- K - 12

  155.810

 

 

 

 

4.  Technology

 

I obtained the Technology cost for Florida directly from the Pioneer Appendix.  The PI Appendix lists the Total Technology Cost for Florida as $435,199,238 ($435.199 million).

 

 

The PI Appendix provides the following information:

 

 

 

Florida Technology Cost 

(Millions of Dollars)

 

Description

Technology

Cost

($ Millions)

Total

Technology

Cost

($ Millions)

One-Time Costs

    176.220

   176.220

Year 1 Operations

      22.341

     22.341

Years 2 - 7 Operations (Annual)

      39.4397

      --

Total for 6 Years (Years 2 - 7)

    236.638

   236.638

    Total Technology Cost

 

   435.199

 

 

 

 

 

C.  Urgency of Decision

 

We know that the total cost to implement CCS in Florida will be $1,024.163 million ($1.024 billion), but we have not said anything about the timing.  The timing for the expenditures is extremely important!

 

 

A sizeable portion of the total CCS implementation cost is spent early in the process.  In the Pioneer Report Figure 2B, two-thirds (66 %) of the Total Cost falls into the up-front, one-time cost period.  Pioneer shows a one-time cost of $10,522,885,028; the Total Cost is $15,835,121,347.  When I divide these two numbers, I get 66 %.

 

 

For Florida, the figures are as follows:

 

 

 

Timing of Florida CCS Costs

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

 

Cost Category

Up-Front,

One-Time Cost

 ($ Millions)

Years 1 - 7

Cost

($ Millions)

Total Cost --

Up-Front &

for 7 Years

($ Millions)

Testing

        --

     78.184

     78.184

Professional Development

    354.970

       --

   354.970

Textbooks

    155.810

       --

   155.810

Technology

    176.220

   258.979

   435.199

    Total Cost

    687.000

   337.163

1,024.163

    Percentage of Total

      67 %

     33 %

   100 %

 

 

 

As this table shows, 67 % of the total cost ($687.000 million) is incurred as an up-front, one-time cost.  If Florida has any interest in dropping the CCS, the state should act very soon.  Much of the CCS implementation expense (67 %) hits very early in the process.  If the state delays the decision to drop CCS, it could waste $687 million on a system that it is not going to use.  The decision is urgent!

 

 

 

 

 

Please contact me if you would like copies of my two reports.

 

 

 

============================

 

 

Bio for Henry W. Burke

 

 

Henry Burke is a Civil Engineer  with a B.S.C.E. and M.S.C.E.  He has been a Registered Professional Engineer (P.E.) for 37 years and has worked as a Civil Engineer in construction for over 40 years.

 

Mr. Burke had a successful 27-year career with a large construction contractor. 

 

Henry Burke serves as a full-time volunteer to oversee various construction projects. He has written numerous articles on education, engineering, construction, politics, taxes, and the economy.

 

 

Henry W. Burke

E-mail:  hwburke@cox.net

Thursday
Mar072013

Missouri Common Core Standards Cost of Implementation

Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Officials, State Board of Education Members, and Elected Officials: 

 

 

 

The following article shows the costs to implement the Common Core Standards (CCS) in Missouri.  These costs are taken from a longer report that I completed on 10.15.12 and a comprehensive report prepared by the Pioneer Institute.  I will send my report to you separately.

 

 

 

I realize that Missouri is committed to the Common Core Standards.  You adopted the CCS and you have received about $27 million in competitive awards. 

 

 

It is my understanding that you are seriously considering dropping out of CCS; I applaud your initiative in this regard.  House Bill 616 (and SB 210) prohibits the SBOE and DESE from implementing CCS in Missouri. 

 

 

As the following article explains, there is some urgency in the decision.  If Missouri delays its decision, it could incur huge up-front, one-time costs of $246 million (68 % of the total cost) to implement CCS. 

 

 

 

Most states entered into the RTTT and CCS without solid estimates on CCS implementation.  As many of the states are moving ahead with CCS implementation, they are finding that the costs are quite high.  Some states are experiencing "buyer's remorse," and are dropping CCS. 

 

 

I strongly suggest that Missouri take a hard look at this issue. 

 

 

Thank you for educating the students in Missouri.

 

 

 

Henry W. Burke

E-mail: hwburke@cox.net     

 

 

 

___________________________________________________

 

 

 

Missouri Common Core Implementation Costs

 

by Henry W. Burke

 

3.06.13

 

 

 

 

It will cost Missouri $336 million (net amount) to implement the Common Core Standards (CCS).  Where will Missouri find $336 million to implement the mediocre Common Core Standards?   

 

 

 

I will call your attention to an excellent Pioneer Institute report, "National Cost of Aligning States and Localities to the Common Core Standards," dated February 2012 (PI report) and my report, "States' Taxpayers Cannot Afford Common Core Standards," by Henry W. Burke, dated 10.15.12 (Burke report).  These are the links to the reports:

 

http://www.pioneerinstitute.org/pdf/120222_CCSSICost.pdf

 

http://educationviews.org/states-taxpayers-cannot-afford-common-core-standards/

 

 

 

I also wrote a companion report applicable to the states that did not adopt the Common Core Standards, "Non-Common Core States Will Save Millions of Dollars," by Henry W. Burke, 10.18.12:

 

 

http://educationviews.org/non-common-core-states-will-save-millions-of-dollars/

 

 

 

 

 

 

I encourage you to realistically evaluate the costs versus the benefits for the State of Missouri.  I will focus only on the cost of implementing the Common Core Standards (CCS) versus the dollar awards received from the federal government. 

 

 

I thought I would offer a little insight into the CCS implementation costs.  This explanation includes the Pioneer report figures and my assumptions.  Obviously, I cannot speak for the Pioneer Institute nor its partners in the white paper, Accountability Works and Pacific Research Institute.  These are strictly my thoughts, assumptions and calculations.

 

 

The Pioneer Institute report identified four cost categories for CCS implementation.  The categories are: Testing, Professional Development, Textbooks, and Technology.  Pioneer calculated the total CCS implementation cost over a 7-year time period. 

 

 

The PI report included bar graphs (without dollar figures) for each state in Professional Development, Textbooks, and Technology.  The Appendices to the PI report showed exact dollar figures for each state in only the Textbooks and Technology categories.  This is the link to the Pioneer Institute Appendices:

 

http://www.accountabilityworks.org/photos/Appendices.Common_Core_Cost.AW.pdf

 

 

Consequently, I had to derive figures for Testing and Professional Development for each of the 46 states.  My goal was to duplicate the Pioneer figures as closely as possible.  My nationwide totals for the four categories agree quite closely with the Pioneer Institute report. 

 

 

 

A.  Missouri CCS Loss

 

 

The State of Missouri submitted proposals to the U.S. Department of Education (USDOE) for Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the Race to the Top (RTTT) program and received a rank of No. 33 in Phase 1 and a rank of No. 30 in Phase 2 of that competition.  The 12 "winning" states under Phase 1 and Phase 2 of RTTT received a total of $3.941 billion.  Missouri did not receive any funds under the Phase 1 and 2 competitions.  In subsequent competitions, Missouri received $26,530,835 ($26.531 million) for competitive stimulus awards.

 

 

In the Burke Table 1, CCS Loss Per State, the CCS Total Cost for Missouri is $362.058 million; and the federal competitive award total is $26.531 million.  The difference is $335.527 million.

[$362.058 million - $26.531 million = $335.527 million]

 

 

This means Missouri will have to find $336 million to pay for the implementation expense of CCS.

 

 

 

 

B.  Missouri CCS Cost

 

 

In the Burke Table 2, CCS Cost Per Student, we can see that Missouri has a CCS Cost per Student of $394.  This is slightly higher than the average cost per student of $379 (average cost for the 46 CCS states).

 

 

Table 3, Total CCS Cost, lists the components making up the Total CCS Cost of $362.058 million for Missouri.  Testing cost is $27.243 million; Professional Development cost is $130.914 million; Textbook cost is $53.930 million; and Technology cost is $149.971 million.

 

 

In round numbers, Missouri will spend $27 million on Testing, $131 million on Professional Development, $54 million on Textbooks, and $150 million on Technology.  The Total CCS Cost for Missouri will be $362 million.

 

 

                                               

Explanation of Figures

 

1.  Testing

 

a.  Nationwide CCS Testing Cost

 

Testing is a function of the number of students tested.  Table 5 in my report shows the Total Nationwide Cost for the 46 CCS states.  My Table 5 duplicates Pioneer Figure 2B (on page 2 of the PI report).  Figure 2B shows a Total Testing Cost of $1,240,641,297. 

 

 

Table 6 (Burke report) lists the number of students and teachers in each of the 46 states; the total for the 46 states is 41,805,062 students.  I obtained all of the numbers in Table 6 from the Pioneer report Appendices (NCES: 2009 - 2010 School Year). 

 

 

When I divided $1,240,641,297 by 41,805,062 students, I obtained a factor of $29.67681993 per student.  This Testing cost factor was applied to each of the 46 states to get the Testing cost for each state.  My Total Testing Cost of $1,240.641 million agrees with the Pioneer Figure 2B number.

 

 

b.  Missouri CCS Testing Cost

 

Missouri has a total student enrollment of 917,982 students (Burke Table 6).  When I multiplied 917,982 students by the $29.6768 factor per student, I obtained $27.243 million.

[917,982 students  x  $29.67681993 per student = $27,242,787]

 

 

 

2.  Professional Development

 

The purpose of Professional Development is to train the teachers on the new Common Core academic standards.  Professional Development is a function of the number of teachers that must be trained.  Pioneer used a Professional Development cost of $1,931 per teacher.

 

 

Missouri has 67,796 teachers (Burke Table 6).  When I multiplied 67,796 teachers by $1,931 per teacher, I obtained $130.914 million.

[67,796 teachers  x  $1,931 per teacher = $130,914,076]

 

 

[Incidentally, my calculations produced a Professional Development Cost for California of $605.938 million.  The PI report bar graph showed the number $606 million for California.  This verifies that my calculation assumptions and methodology are correct.]

 

 

 

3.  Textbooks

 

I obtained the Textbook cost for Missouri directly from the Pioneer Institute Appendix.  The Table in the Appendix showed a Total Textbook Cost for Missouri of $53,930,266 ($53.930 million).

 

 

The PI Appendix listed the following numbers for Textbooks and Instructional Materials:

 

 

 

Missouri Textbook Cost

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

Grade

Textbook Cost

($ Millions)

    K

    4.941

    1

    4.543

    2

    3.685

    3

    3.787

    4

    3.460

    5

    3.418

    6

    3.997

  Subtotal -- K - 6

  27.831

 

 

    7

    4.009

    8

    4.077

    9

    4.665

  Subtotal -- 7 - 9

  12.751

 

 

    10

    4.339

    11

    4.599

    12

    4.410

  Subtotal -- 10 - 12

  13.348

 

 

    Total -- K - 12

  53.930

 

 

 

 

4.  Technology

 

I obtained the Technology cost for Missouri directly from the Pioneer Appendix.  The PI Appendix lists the Total Technology Cost for Missouri as $149,970,678 ($149.971 million).

 

 

The PI Appendix provides the following information:

 

 

 

Missouri Technology Cost 

(Millions of Dollars)

 

Description

Technology

Cost

($ Millions)

Total

Technology

Cost

($ Millions)

One-Time Costs

    61.403

    61.403

Year 1 Operations

      6.530

      6.530

Years 2 - 7 Operations (Annual)

    13.67298

      --

Total for 6 Years (Years 2 - 7)

    82.038

    82.038

    Total Technology Cost

 

  149.971

 

 

 

 

 

C.  Urgency of Decision

 

We know that the total cost to implement CCS in Missouri will be $362.058 million ($362 million), but we have not said anything about the timing.  The timing for the expenditures is extremely important!

 

 

A sizeable portion of the total CCS implementation cost is spent early in the process.  In the Pioneer Report Figure 2B, two-thirds (66 %) of the Total Cost falls into the up-front, one-time cost period.  Pioneer shows a one-time cost of $10,522,885,028; the Total Cost is $15,835,121,347.  When I divide these two numbers, I get 66 %.

 

 

For Missouri, the figures are as follows:

 

 

 

Timing of Missouri CCS Costs

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

 

Cost Category

Up-Front,

One-Time Cost

 ($ Millions)

Years 1 - 7

Cost

($ Millions)

Total Cost --

Up-Front &

for 7 Years

($ Millions)

Testing

        --

    27.243

    27.243

Professional Development

    130.914

       --

  130.914

Textbooks

      53.930

       --

    53.930

Technology

      61.403

    88.568

  149.971

    Total Cost

    246.247

  115.811

  362.058

    Percentage of Total

      68 %

    32 %

  100 %

 

 

 

As this table shows, 68 % of the total cost ($246.247 million) is incurred as an up-front, one-time cost.  If Missouri has any interest in dropping the CCS, the state should act very soon.  Much of the CCS implementation expense (68 %) hits very early in the process.  If the state delays the decision to drop CCS, it could waste $246 million on a system that it is not going to use.  The decision is urgent!

 

 

 

 

 

Please contact me if you would like copies of my two reports.

 

 

 

============================

 

 

Bio for Henry W. Burke

 

 

Henry Burke is a Civil Engineer  with a B.S.C.E. and M.S.C.E.  He has been a Registered Professional Engineer (P.E.) for 37 years and has worked as a Civil Engineer in construction for over 40 years.

 

Mr. Burke had a successful 27-year career with a large construction contractor. 

 

Henry Burke serves as a full-time volunteer to oversee various construction projects. He has written numerous articles on education, engineering, construction, politics, taxes, and the economy.

 

 

Henry W. Burke

E-mail:  hwburke@cox.net

Thursday
Mar072013

Michigan Common Core Costs of Implementation

Michigan Department of Education Officials, State Board of Education Members, and Elected Officials:

 

 

 

 

The following article shows the costs to implement the Common Core Standards (CCS) in Michigan.  These costs are taken from a longer report that I completed on 10.15.12 and a comprehensive report prepared by the Pioneer Institute.  I will send my report to you separately.

 

 

 

I realize that Michigan is committed to the Common Core Standards.  You adopted the CCS and you have received $23 million in competitive awards.  It is my understanding that you are seriously considering dropping out of CCS; I applaud your initiative in this regard.  As the following article explains, there is some urgency in the decision.  If Michigan delays its decision, it could incur huge up-front, one-time costs (65 % of the total cost) to implement CCS. 

 

 

 

Most states entered into the RTTT and CCS without solid estimates on CCS implementation.  As many of the states are moving ahead with CCS implementation, they are finding that the costs are quite high.  Some states are experiencing "buyer's remorse," and are dropping CCS. 

 

 

 

I strongly suggest that Michigan take a hard look at this issue.  Because Michigan gave up good standards to embrace CCS, the state could revert back to those standards.

 

 

 

Thank you for educating the students in Michigan.

 

 

Henry W. Burke

E-mail: hwburke@cox.net     

 

 

_________________________________________________________

 

 

 

Michigan Common Core Implementation Costs

 

by Henry W. Burke

 

3.04.13

 

 

 

 

It will cost Michigan $569 million (net amount) to implement the Common Core Standards (CCS).  Where will Michigan find $569 million to implement the mediocre Common Core Standards? 

 

 

 

I will call your attention to an excellent Pioneer Institute report, "National Cost of Aligning States and Localities to the Common Core Standards," dated February 2012 (PI report) and my report, "States' Taxpayers Cannot Afford Common Core Standards," by Henry W. Burke, dated 10.15.12 (Burke report).  These are the links to the reports:

 

http://www.pioneerinstitute.org/pdf/120222_CCSSICost.pdf

 

http://educationviews.org/states-taxpayers-cannot-afford-common-core-standards/

 

 

 

 

I also wrote a companion report applicable to the states that did not adopt the Common Core Standards, "Non-Common Core States Will Save Millions of Dollars," by Henry W. Burke, 10.18.12:

 

 

http://educationviews.org/non-common-core-states-will-save-millions-of-dollars/

 

 

 

Michigan gave up good state standards to adopt the inferior Common Core Standards.  According to a 2010 Fordham Institute report that compared the state standards with the Common Core Standards, Michigan had "Clearly Inferior" English Language Arts (ELA) standards and "Too Close to Call" Mathematics standards. 

 

 

I encourage you to realistically evaluate the costs versus the benefits for the State of Michigan.  I will focus only on the cost of implementing the Common Core Standards (CCS) versus the dollar awards received from the federal government. 

 

 

I thought I would offer a little insight into the CCS implementation costs.  This explanation includes the Pioneer report figures and my assumptions.  Obviously, I cannot speak for the Pioneer Institute nor its partners in the white paper, Accountability Works and Pacific Research Institute.  These are strictly my thoughts, assumptions and calculations.

 

 

The Pioneer Institute report identified four cost categories for CCS implementation.  The categories are: Testing, Professional Development, Textbooks, and Technology.  Pioneer calculated the total CCS implementation cost over a 7-year time period. 

 

 

The PI report included bar graphs (without dollar figures) for each state in Professional Development, Textbooks, and Technology.  The Appendices to the PI report showed exact dollar figures for each state in only the Textbooks and Technology categories.  This is the link to the Pioneer Institute Appendices:

 

http://www.accountabilityworks.org/photos/Appendices.Common_Core_Cost.AW.pdf

 

 

Consequently, I had to derive figures for Testing and Professional Development for each of the 46 states.  My goal was to duplicate the Pioneer figures as closely as possible.  My nationwide totals for the four categories agree quite closely with the Pioneer Institute report. 

 

 

 

A.  Michigan CCS Loss

 

 

The State of Michigan submitted a proposal to the U.S. Department of Education (USDOE) for Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the Race to the Top (RTTT) program and received a rank of No. 21 in Phase 1 and a rank of No. 23 in Phase 2 of that competition.  The 12 "winning" states under Phase 1 and Phase 2 of RTTT received a total of $3.94 billion.  Michigan did not receive any funds under the Phase 1 and 2 competition.  In subsequent competitions, Michigan received $22.730 million for competitive stimulus awards.

 

 

In the Burke Table 1, CCS Loss Per State, the CCS Total Cost for Michigan is $591.593 million; and the federal competitive award total is $22.730 million.  The difference is $568.863 million.

[$591.593 million - $22.730 million = $568.863 million]

 

 

This means Michigan will have to find $569 million to pay for the implementation expense of CCS.

 

 

 

 

B.  Michigan CCS Cost

 

 

In the Burke Table 2, CCS Cost Per Student, we can see that Michigan has a CCS Cost per Student of $362.  This is slightly below the average cost per student of $379 (average cost for the 46 CCS states).

 

 

Table 3, Total CCS Cost, lists the components making up the Total CCS Cost of $591.593 million for Michigan.  Testing cost is $48.496 million; Professional Development cost is $178.986 million; Textbook cost is $97.181 million; and Technology cost is $266.930 million.

 

 

In round numbers, Michigan will spend $49 million on Testing, $179 million on Professional Development, $97 million on Textbooks, and $267 million on Technology.  The Total CCS Cost for Michigan will be $592 million.

 

 

                                               

Explanation of Figures

 

1.  Testing -- Testing is a function of the number of students tested.  Table 5 in my report shows the Total Nationwide Cost for the 46 CCS states.  My Table 5 duplicates Pioneer Figure 2B (on page 2 of the PI report).  Figure 2B shows a Total Testing Cost of $1,240,641,297. 

 

 

Table 6 (Burke report) lists the number of students and teachers in each of the 46 states; the total for the 46 states is 41,805,062 students.  I obtained all of the numbers in Table 6 from the Pioneer report Appendices (NCES: 2009 - 2010 School Year). 

 

 

When I divided $1,240,641,297 by 41,805,062 students, I obtained a factor of $29.67681993 per student.  This Testing cost factor was applied to each of the 46 states to get the Testing cost for each state.  My Total Testing Cost of $1,240.641 million agrees with the Pioneer Figure 2B number.

 

 

Michigan has a total student enrollment of 1,634,151 students (Burke Table 6).  When I multiplied 1,634,151 students by the $29.6768 factor per student, I obtained $48.496 million.

[1,634,151 students  x  $29.67681993 per student = $48,496,405]

 

 

 

2.  Professional Development -- The purpose of Professional Development is to train the teachers on the new Common Core academic standards.  Professional Development is a function of the number of teachers that must be trained.  Pioneer used a Professional Development cost of $1,931 per teacher.

 

 

Michigan has 92,691 teachers (Burke Table 6).  When I multiplied 92,691 teachers by $1,931 per teacher, I obtained $178.986 million.

[92,691 teachers  x  $1,931 per teacher = $178,986,321]

 

 

Incidentally, my calculations produced a Professional Development Cost for California of $605.938 million.  The PI report bar graph showed the number $606 million for California.  This verifies that my calculation assumptions and methodology are correct.

 

 

 

3.  Textbooks -- I obtained the Textbook cost for Michigan directly from the Pioneer Institute Appendix.  The Table in the Appendix showed a Total Textbook Cost for Michigan of $97,181,335 ($97.181 million).

 

 

The PI Appendix listed the following numbers for Textbooks and Instructional Materials:

 

 

 

Michigan Textbook Cost

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

Grade

Textbook Cost

($ Millions)

    K

    9.043

    1

    7.775

    2

    6.294

    3

    6.547

    4

    5.975

    5

    5.944

    6

    6.990

  Subtotal -- K - 6

  48.568

 

 

    7

    7.207

    8

    7.344

    9

    8.764

  Subtotal -- 7 - 9

  23.315

 

 

    10

    8.459

    11

    8.566

    12

    8.273

  Subtotal -- 10 - 12

  25.298

 

 

    Total -- K - 12

  97.181

 

 

 

 

4.  Technology -- I obtained the Technology cost for Michigan directly from the Pioneer Appendix.  The PI Appendix lists the Total Technology Cost for Michigan as $266,929,724 ($266.930 million).

 

 

The PI Appendix provides the following information:

 

 

 

Michigan Technology Cost

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

Description

Technology

Cost

($ Millions)

Total

Technology

Cost

($ Millions)

One-Time Costs

    109.307

 109.307

Year 1 Operations

      11.593

   11.593

Years 2 - 7 Operations (Annual)

      24.3383

     --

Total for 6 Years (Years 2 - 7)

    146.030

 146.030

    Total Technology Cost

 

 266.930

 

 

 

 

 

C.  Urgency of Decision

 

We know that the total cost to implement CCS in Michigan will be $591.593 million ($592 million), but we have not said anything about the timing.  The timing for the expenditures is extremely important!

 

 

A sizeable portion of the total CCS implementation cost is spent early in the implementation.  In the Pioneer Report Figure 2B, two-thirds (about 66 %) of the Total Cost falls into the up-front, one-time cost period.  Pioneer shows a one-time cost of $10,522,885,028; the Total Cost is $15,835,121,347.  When I divide these two numbers, I get 66 %.

 

 

For Michigan, the figures are as follows:

 

 

Timing of Michigan CCS Costs

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

Cost Category

Up-Front,

One-Time Cost

 ($ Millions)

Years 1 - 7

Cost

($ Millions)

Total Cost --

Up-Front &

for 7 Years

($ Millions)

Testing

      --

   48.496

    48.496

Professional Development

  178.986

     --

  178.986

Textbooks

    97.181

     --

    97.181

Technology

  109.307

  157.623

  266.930

    Total Cost

  385.474

  206.119

  591.593

    Percentage of Total

    65 %

   35 %

  100 %

 

 

 

As this table shows, 65 % of the total cost ($385.474 million) is incurred as an up-front, one-time cost.  If Michigan has any interest in dropping the CCS, the state should act very soon.  Much of the CCS implementation expense (65 %) hits very early in the process.  If the state delays the decision to drop CCS, it could waste $385 million on a system that it is not going to use.  The decision is urgent!

 

 

 

 

 

Please contact me if you would like copies of my two reports.

 

 

 

Henry W. Burke

E-mail: hwburke@cox.net 

Thursday
Mar072013

South Carolina Common Core Implementation Costs

South Carolina Common Core Implementation Costs

 

by Henry W. Burke

 

3.05.13

 

 

 

 

It will cost South Carolina $251 million (net amount) to implement the Common Core Standards (CCS).  Where will South Carolina find $251 million to implement the mediocre Common Core Standards?   

 

 

 

I will call your attention to an excellent Pioneer Institute report, "National Cost of Aligning States and Localities to the Common Core Standards," dated February 2012 (PI report) and my report, "States' Taxpayers Cannot Afford Common Core Standards," by Henry W. Burke, dated 10.15.12 (Burke report).  These are the links to the reports:

 

http://www.pioneerinstitute.org/pdf/120222_CCSSICost.pdf

 

http://educationviews.org/states-taxpayers-cannot-afford-common-core-standards/

 

 

 

 

I also wrote a companion report applicable to the states that did not adopt the Common Core Standards, "Non-Common Core States Will Save Millions of Dollars," by Henry W. Burke, 10.18.12:

 

 

http://educationviews.org/non-common-core-states-will-save-millions-of-dollars/

 

 

 

South Carolina gave up good state standards to adopt the mediocre Common Core Standards.  According to a 2010 Fordham Institute report that compared the state standards with the Common Core Standards, South Carolina had "Clearly Inferior" English Language Arts (ELA) standards and Mathematics standards. 

 

 

I encourage you to realistically evaluate the costs versus the benefits for the State of South Carolina.  I will focus only on the cost of implementing the Common Core Standards (CCS) versus the dollar awards received from the federal government. 

 

 

I thought I would offer a little insight into the CCS implementation costs.  This explanation includes the Pioneer report figures and my assumptions.  Obviously, I cannot speak for the Pioneer Institute nor its partners in the white paper, Accountability Works and Pacific Research Institute.  These are strictly my thoughts, assumptions and calculations.

 

 

The Pioneer Institute report identified four cost categories for CCS implementation.  The categories are: Testing, Professional Development, Textbooks, and Technology.  Pioneer calculated the total CCS implementation cost over a 7-year time period. 

 

 

The PI report included bar graphs (without dollar figures) for each state in Professional Development, Textbooks, and Technology.  The Appendices to the PI report showed exact dollar figures for each state in only the Textbooks and Technology categories.  This is the link to the Pioneer Institute Appendices:

 

http://www.accountabilityworks.org/photos/Appendices.Common_Core_Cost.AW.pdf

 

 

Consequently, I had to derive figures for Testing and Professional Development for each of the 46 states.  My goal was to duplicate the Pioneer figures as closely as possible.  My nationwide totals for the four categories agree quite closely with the Pioneer Institute report. 

 

 

 

A.  South Carolina CCS Loss

 

 

The State of South Carolina submitted a proposal to the U.S. Department of Education (USDOE) for Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the Race to the Top (RTTT) program and received a rank of No. 6 in Phase 1 and a rank of No. 14 in Phase 2 of that competition.  The 12 "winning" states under Phase 1 and Phase 2 of RTTT received a total of $3.94 billion.  South Carolina did not receive any funds under the Phase 1 and 2 competition.  In subsequent competitions, South Carolina received $22,121,832 ($22.122 million) for competitive stimulus awards.

 

 

In the Burke Table 1, CCS Loss Per State, the CCS Total Cost for South Carolina is $273.045 million; and the federal competitive award total is $22.122 million.  The difference is $250.923 million.

[$273.045 million - $22.122 million = $250.923 million]

 

 

This means South Carolina will have to find $251 million to pay for the implementation expense of CCS.

 

 

 

 

B.  South Carolina CCS Cost

 

 

In the Burke Table 2, CCS Cost Per Student, we can see that South Carolina has a CCS Cost per Student of $378.  This is essentially identical to the average cost per student of $379 (average cost for the 46 CCS states).

 

 

Table 3, Total CCS Cost, lists the components making up the Total CCS Cost of $273.045 million for South Carolina.  Testing cost is $21.461 million; Professional Development cost is $90.718 million; Textbook cost is $42.110 million; and Technology cost is $118.756 million.

 

 

In round numbers, South Carolina will spend $21 million on Testing, $91 million on Professional Development, $42 million on Textbooks, and $119 million on Technology.  The Total CCS Cost for South Carolina will be $273 million.

 

 

                                               

Explanation of Figures

 

1.  Testing

 

a.  Nationwide CCS Testing Cost

 

Testing is a function of the number of students tested.  Table 5 in my report shows the Total Nationwide Cost for the 46 CCS states.  My Table 5 duplicates Pioneer Figure 2B (on page 2 of the PI report).  Figure 2B shows a Total Testing Cost of $1,240,641,297. 

 

 

Table 6 (Burke report) lists the number of students and teachers in each of the 46 states; the total for the 46 states is 41,805,062 students.  I obtained all of the numbers in Table 6 from the Pioneer report Appendices (NCES: 2009 - 2010 School Year). 

 

 

When I divided $1,240,641,297 by 41,805,062 students, I obtained a factor of $29.67681993 per student.  This Testing cost factor was applied to each of the 46 states to get the Testing cost for each state.  My Total Testing Cost of $1,240.641 million agrees with the Pioneer Figure 2B number.

 

 

b.  South Carolina CCS Testing Cost

 

South Carolina has a total student enrollment of 723,143 students (Burke Table 6).  When I multiplied 723,143 students by the $29.6768 factor per student, I obtained $21.461 million.

[723,143 students  x  $29.67681993 per student = $21,460,585]

 

 

 

2.  Professional Development

 

The purpose of Professional Development is to train the teachers on the new Common Core academic standards.  Professional Development is a function of the number of teachers that must be trained.  Pioneer used a Professional Development cost of $1,931 per teacher.

 

 

South Carolina has 46,980 teachers (Burke Table 6).  When I multiplied 46,980 teachers by $1,931 per teacher, I obtained $90.718 million.

[46,980 teachers  x  $1,931 per teacher = $90,718,380]

 

 

[Incidentally, my calculations produced a Professional Development Cost for California of $605.938 million.  The PI report bar graph showed the number $606 million for California.  This verifies that my calculation assumptions and methodology are correct.]

 

 

 

3.  Textbooks

 

I obtained the Textbook cost for South Carolina directly from the Pioneer Institute Appendix.  The Table in the Appendix showed a Total Textbook Cost for South Carolina of $42,109,536 ($42.110 million).

 

 

The PI Appendix listed the following numbers for Textbooks and Instructional Materials:

 

 

 

South Carolina Textbook Cost

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

Grade

Textbook Cost

($ Millions)

    K

    3.838

    1

    3.636

    2

    2.963

    3

    3.089

    4

    2.802

    5

    2.736

    6

    3.140

  Subtotal -- K - 6

  22.204

 

 

    7

    3.175

    8

    3.187

    9

    3.922

  Subtotal -- 7 - 9

  10.284

 

 

    10

    3.419

    11

    3.294

    12

    2.909

  Subtotal -- 10 - 12

    9.622

 

 

    Total -- K - 12

  42.110

 

 

 

 

4.  Technology

 

I obtained the Technology cost for South Carolina directly from the Pioneer Appendix.  The PI Appendix lists the Total Technology Cost for South Carolina as $118,756,533 ($118.756 million).

 

 

The PI Appendix provides the following information:

 

 

 

South Carolina Technology Cost 

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

Description

Technology

Cost

($ Millions)

Total

Technology

Cost

($ Millions)

One-Time Costs

    48.370

    48.370

Year 1 Operations

      5.607

      5.607

Years 2 - 7 Operations (Annual)

    10.79658

       --

Total for 6 Years (Years 2 - 7)

    64.779

    64.779

    Total Technology Cost

 

  118.756

 

 

 

 

 

C.  Urgency of Decision

 

We know that the total cost to implement CCS in South Carolina will be $273.045 million ($273 million), but we have not said anything about the timing.  The timing for the expenditures is extremely important!

 

 

A sizeable portion of the total CCS implementation cost is spent early in the process.  In the Pioneer Report Figure 2B, two-thirds (about 66 %) of the Total Cost falls into the up-front, one-time cost period.  Pioneer shows a one-time cost of $10,522,885,028; the Total Cost is $15,835,121,347.  When I divide these two numbers, I get 66 %.

 

 

For South Carolina, the figures are as follows:

 

 

 

Timing of South Carolina CCS Costs

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

Cost Category

Up-Front,

One-Time Cost

 ($ Millions)

Years 1 - 7

Cost

($ Millions)

Total Cost --

Up-Front &

for 7 Years

($ Millions)

Testing

      --

    21.461

    21.461

Professional Development

    90.718

      --

    90.718

Textbooks

    42.110

      --

    42.110

Technology

    48.370

    70.386

  118.756

    Total Cost

  181.198

    91.847

  273.045

    Percentage of Total

    66 %

     34 %

    100 %

 

 

 

As this table shows, 66 % of the total cost ($181.198 million) is incurred as an up-front, one-time cost.  If South Carolina has any interest in dropping the CCS, the state should act very soon.  Much of the CCS implementation expense (66 %) hits very early in the process.  If the state delays the decision to drop CCS, it could waste $181 million on a system that it is not going to use.  The decision is urgent!

 

 

 

 

 

Please contact me if you would like copies of my two reports.

 

 

 

============================

 

 

Bio for Henry W. Burke

 

 

Henry Burke is a Civil Engineer  with a B.S.C.E. and M.S.C.E.  He has been a Registered Professional Engineer (P.E.) for 37 years and has worked as a Civil Engineer in construction for over 40 years.

 

Mr. Burke had a successful 27-year career with a large construction contractor. 

 

Henry Burke serves as a full-time volunteer to oversee various construction projects. He has written numerous articles on education, engineering, construction, politics, taxes, and the economy.

 

 

Henry W. Burke

E-mail:  hwburke@cox.net

Thursday
Mar072013

Oklahoma Common Core Implementation Costs

Oklahoma Common Core Implementation Costs

 

by Henry W. Burke

 

(Original -- 2.28.13)

 

Revised 3.05.13  (Section "C" added)

 

 

 

 

It will cost Oklahoma $231 million (net amount) to implement the Common Core Standards (CCS).  Where will Oklahoma find $231 million to implement the mediocre Common Core Standards?   

 

 

 

I will call your attention to an excellent Pioneer Institute report, "National Cost of Aligning States and Localities to the Common Core Standards," dated February 2012 (PI report) and my report, "States' Taxpayers Cannot Afford Common Core Standards," by Henry W. Burke, dated 10.15.12 (Burke report).  These are the links to the reports:

 

http://www.pioneerinstitute.org/pdf/120222_CCSSICost.pdf

 

http://educationviews.org/states-taxpayers-cannot-afford-common-core-standards/

 

 

 

 

I also wrote a companion report applicable to the states that did not adopt the Common Core Standards, "Non-Common Core States Will Save Millions of Dollars," by Henry W. Burke, 10.18.12:

 

 

http://educationviews.org/non-common-core-states-will-save-millions-of-dollars/

 

 

 

Oklahoma gave up very good state standards to adopt the inferior Common Core Standards.  According to a 2010 Fordham Institute report that compared the state standards with the Common Core Standards, Oklahoma had good English Language Arts standards and Mathematics standards ("Too Close to Call"). 

 

 

I encourage you to realistically evaluate the costs versus the benefits for the State of Oklahoma.  I will focus only on the cost of implementing the Common Core Standards (CCS) versus the dollar awards received from the federal government. 

 

 

I thought I would offer a little insight into the CCS implementation costs.  This explanation includes the Pioneer report figures and my assumptions.  Obviously, I cannot speak for the Pioneer Institute nor its partners in the white paper, Accountability Works and Pacific Research Institute.  These are strictly my thoughts, assumptions and calculations.

 

 

The Pioneer Institute report identified four cost categories for CCS implementation.  The categories are: Testing, Professional Development, Textbooks, and Technology.  Pioneer calculated the total CCS implementation cost over a 7-year time period. 

 

 

The PI report included bar graphs (without dollar figures) for each state in Professional Development, Textbooks, and Technology.  The Appendices to the PI report showed exact dollar figures for each state in only the Textbooks and Technology categories.  This is the link to the Pioneer Institute Appendices:

 

http://www.accountabilityworks.org/photos/Appendices.Common_Core_Cost.AW.pdf

 

 

Consequently, I had to derive figures for Testing and Professional Development for each of the 46 states.  My goal was to duplicate the Pioneer figures as closely as possible.  My nationwide totals for the four categories agree quite closely with the Pioneer Institute report. 

 

 

 

A.  Oklahoma CCS Loss

 

 

The State of Oklahoma submitted a proposal to the U.S. Department of Education (USDOE) for Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the Race to the Top (RTTT) program and received a rank of No. 34 in Phase 1 and a rank of No. 20 in Phase 2 of that competition.  The 12 "winning" states under Phase 1 and Phase 2 of RTTT received a total of $3.94 billion.  Oklahoma did not receive any funds under the Phase 1 and 2 competition.  In subsequent competitions, Oklahoma received $15,465,616 ($15.466 million) for competitive stimulus awards.

 

 

 

In the Burke Table 1, CCS Loss Per State, the CCS Total Cost for Oklahoma is $246.387 million; and the federal competitive award total is $15.466 million.  The difference is $230.921 million.

[$246.387 million - $15.466 million = $230.921 million]

 

 

This means Oklahoma will have to find $231 million to pay for the implementation expense of CCS.

 

 

 

 

B.  Oklahoma CCS Cost

 

 

In the Burke Table 2, CCS Cost Per Student, we can see that Oklahoma has a CCS Cost per Student of $377.  This is essentially identical to the average cost per student of $379 (average cost for the 46 CCS states).

 

 

Table 3, Total CCS Cost, lists the components making up the Total CCS Cost of $246.387 million for Oklahoma.  Testing cost is $19.382 million; Professional Development cost is $82.411 million; Textbook cost is $37.024 million; and Technology cost is $107.570 million.

 

 

In round numbers, Oklahoma will spend $19 million on Testing, $82 million on Professional Development, $37 million on Textbooks, and $108 million on Technology.  The Total CCS Cost for Oklahoma will be $246 million.

 

 

                                               

Explanation of Figures

 

1.  Testing

 

a.  Nationwide CCS Testing Cost

 

Testing is a function of the number of students tested.  Table 5 in my report shows the Total Nationwide Cost for the 46 CCS states.  My Table 5 duplicates Pioneer Figure 2B (on page 2 of the PI report).  Figure 2B shows a Total Testing Cost of $1,240,641,297. 

 

 

Table 6 (Burke report) lists the number of students and teachers in each of the 46 states; the total for the 46 states is 41,805,062 students.  I obtained all of the numbers in Table 6 from the Pioneer report Appendices (NCES: 2009 - 2010 School Year). 

 

 

When I divided $1,240,641,297 by 41,805,062 students, I obtained a factor of $29.67681993 per student.  This Testing cost factor was applied to each of the 46 states to get the Testing cost for each state.  My Total Testing Cost of $1,240.641 million agrees with the Pioneer Figure 2B number.

 

 

b.  Oklahoma CCS Testing Cost

 

Oklahoma has a total student enrollment of 653,118 students (Burke Table 6).  When I multiplied 653,118 students by the $29.6768 factor per student, I obtained $19.382 million.

[653,118 students  x  $29.67681993 per student = $19,382,465]

 

 

 

2.  Professional Development

 

The purpose of Professional Development is to train the teachers on the new Common Core academic standards.  Professional Development is a function of the number of teachers that must be trained.  Pioneer used a Professional Development cost of $1,931 per teacher.

 

 

Oklahoma has 42,678 teachers (Burke Table 6).  When I multiplied 42,678 teachers by $1,931 per teacher, I obtained $82.411 million.

[42,678 teachers  x  $1,931 per teacher = $82,411,218]

 

 

Incidentally, my calculations produced a Professional Development Cost for California of $605.938 million.  The PI report bar graph showed the number $606 million for California.  This verifies that my calculation assumptions and methodology are correct.

 

 

 

3.  Textbooks

 

I obtained the Textbook cost for Oklahoma directly from the Pioneer Institute Appendix.  The Table in the Appendix showed a Total Textbook Cost for Oklahoma of $37,023,927 ($37.024 million).

 

 

The PI Appendix listed the following numbers for Textbooks and Instructional Materials:

 

 

 

Oklahoma Textbook Cost

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

Grade

Textbook Cost

($ Millions)

    K

    3.654

    1

    3.497

    2

    2.690

    3

    2.705

    4

    2.439

    5

    2.398

    6

    2.767

  Subtotal -- K - 6

  20.150

 

 

    7

    2.733

    8

    2.737

    9

    3.041

  Subtotal -- 7 - 9

    8.511

 

 

    10

    2.839

    11

    2.898

    12

    2.626

  Subtotal -- 10 - 12

    8.363

 

 

    Total -- K - 12

  37.024

 

 

 

 

4.  Technology

 

I obtained the Technology cost for Oklahoma directly from the Pioneer Appendix.  The PI Appendix lists the Total Technology Cost for Oklahoma as $107,570,415 ($107.570 million).

 

 

The PI Appendix provides the following information:

 

 

 

Oklahoma Technology Cost 

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

Description

Technology

Cost

($ Millions)

Total

Technology

Cost

($ Millions)

One-Time Costs

    43.686

    43.686

Year 1 Operations

      5.299

      5.299

Years 2 - 7 Operations (Annual)

      9.7641

      --

Total for 6 Years (Years 2 - 7)

    58.585

    58.585

    Total Technology Cost

 

  107.570

 

 

 

 

 

C.  Urgency of Decision

 

We know that the total cost to implement CCS in Oklahoma will be $246.387 million ($246 million), but we have not said anything about the timing.  The timing for the expenditures is extremely important!

 

 

A sizeable portion of the total CCS implementation cost is spent early in the process.  In the Pioneer Report Figure 2B, two-thirds (about 66 %) of the Total Cost falls into the up-front, one-time cost period.  Pioneer shows a one-time cost of $10,522,885,028; the Total Cost is $15,835,121,347.  When I divide these two numbers, I get 66 %.

 

 

For Oklahoma, the figures are as follows:

 

 

 

Timing of Oklahoma CCS Costs

(Millions of Dollars)

 

 

Cost Category

Up-Front,

One-Time Cost

 ($ Millions)

Years 1 - 7

Cost

($ Millions)

Total Cost --

Up-Front &

for 7 Years

($ Millions)

Testing

      --

    19.382

    19.382

Professional Development

    82.411

      --

    82.411

Textbooks

    37.024

      --

    37.024

Technology

    43.686

    63.884

  107.570

    Total Cost

  163.121

    83.266

  246.387

    Percentage of Total

    66 %

    34 %

  100 %

 

 

 

As this table shows, 66 % of the total cost ($163.121 million) is incurred as an up-front, one-time cost.  If Oklahoma has any interest in dropping the CCS, the state should act very soon.  Much of the CCS implementation expense (66 %) hits very early in the process.  If the state delays the decision to drop CCS, it could waste $163 million on a system that it is not going to use.  The decision is urgent!

 

 

 

 

Please contact me if you would like copies of my two reports.

 

 

 

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Bio for Henry W. Burke

 

 

Henry Burke is a Civil Engineer  with a B.S.C.E. and M.S.C.E.  He has been a Registered Professional Engineer (P.E.) for 37 years and has worked as a Civil Engineer in construction for over 40 years.

 [Burke received his MSCE from Oklahoma State University in 1972.] 

 

Mr. Burke had a successful 27-year career with a large construction contractor. 

 

Henry Burke serves as a full-time volunteer to oversee various construction projects. He has written numerous articles on education, engineering, construction, politics, taxes, and the economy.

 

 

Henry W. Burke

E-mail:  hwburke@cox.net